International. Sustainable architecture represents a paradigm in the design and construction of buildings, aimed at mitigating the human impact on the environment and promoting a more sustainable future. This approach is based on the use of eco-friendly materials, energy efficiency, and the ability to adapt to the changing needs of users and their environment.
According to the Medellín mayor's office, "this type of architecture arises as a response to global challenges such as climate change and the growing demand for natural resources, offering transformative potential in the way we conceive and build our cities."
One of its main objectives is the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption in buildings. This is achieved through the use of low-impact building materials, such as wood and straw, along with the integration of energy-efficient technologies and renewable energy sources.
Sustainable architecture comprehensively addresses the minimization of the environmental impact of buildings and the improvement of the quality of life of their occupants. By adopting its principles, we contribute to sustainable development and meet the challenges of climate change and urbanization globally.
In addition, "this approach seeks to conserve and protect existing natural and urban environments, promoting urban densification and efficient use of space. The adaptability and flexibility of the buildings are also fundamental aspects, allowing them to adjust to changing needs over time," the district added.
Sustainable architecture is based on key principles, such as energy efficiency, the conservation of resources through the use of recycled and local materials, adaptive and flexible design, respectful integration with the environment, the quality of interior space, durability and ease of maintenance, and the active participation and education of society in sustainable practices.